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JavaScript Cheat Sheet 11.1.4: JavaScript and jQuery

JavaScript and jQuery

Welcome to the world of programming! In this tutorial, we will delve into the basics of programming using JavaScript, and then explore how jQuery compares to native JavaScript. JavaScript is a powerful and versatile programming language that is widely used for building interactive and dynamic web pages. jQuery, on the other hand, is a JavaScript library that simplifies the process of interacting with HTML elements, handling events, and animating elements on a web page.

JavaScript Basics

JavaScript is a high-level, interpreted programming language that is commonly used to create interactive effects within web browsers. Let’s start with some fundamental concepts:

1. Variables: Variables are used to store data values. In JavaScript, you can declare variables using the var, let, or const keywords.

var name = "John";
let age = 30;
const PI = 3.14;

2. Data Types: JavaScript supports various data types, including strings, numbers, booleans, arrays, and objects.

var name = "John"; // String
var age = 30; // Number
var isAdult = true; // Boolean
var fruits = ["apple", "banana", "orange"]; // Array
var person = { name: "John", age: 30 }; // Object

3. Functions: Functions are blocks of reusable code that perform a specific task. You can define functions using the function keyword.

function greet(name) {
  console.log("Hello, " + name + "!");

greet("John"); // Output: Hello, John!

4. Conditional Statements: Conditional statements are used to execute different actions based on different conditions. JavaScript supports if, else if, and else statements.

var age = 20;

if (age < 18) {
  console.log("You are a minor.");
} else if (age >= 18 && age < 65) {
  console.log("You are an adult.");
} else {
  console.log("You are a senior citizen.");

5. Loops: Loops are used to execute a block of code multiple times. JavaScript supports for, while, and do-while loops.

for (var i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
// Output:
// 0
// 1
// 2
// 3
// 4

jQuery vs JavaScript:
Now that we have covered the basics of JavaScript, let’s explore how jQuery compares to native JavaScript in various scenarios.

Scenario 1: DOM Manipulation

document.getElementById("myElement").innerHTML = "Hello, World!";


$("#myElement").html("Hello, World!");

Explanation: jQuery provides a simplified syntax for manipulating the Document Object Model (DOM). In this example, both JavaScript and jQuery are used to set the HTML content of an element with the ID “myElement” to “Hello, World!”.

Scenario 2: Event Handling

document.getElementById("myButton").addEventListener("click", function() {
  alert("Button clicked!");


$("#myButton").click(function() {
  alert("Button clicked!");

Explanation: jQuery simplifies event handling by providing methods like .click(). In this example, both JavaScript and jQuery are used to display an alert message when a button with the ID “myButton” is clicked.

Scenario 3: Animation

document.getElementById("myElement").style.transition = "all 2s";
document.getElementById("myElement").style.opacity = "0";



Explanation: jQuery offers built-in methods for animating elements, such as .fadeOut(). In this example, both JavaScript and jQuery are used to fade out an element with the ID “myElement” over a duration of 2 seconds.


In summary, JavaScript is the core programming language of the web, while jQuery is a library built on top of JavaScript that simplifies common tasks such as DOM manipulation, event handling, and animation. While jQuery can make certain tasks easier and more concise, it’s important to have a solid understanding of JavaScript fundamentals as well. As you continue your journey in programming, don’t hesitate to explore both JavaScript and jQuery to enhance your web development skills. Happy coding!

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