You are currently viewing JavaScript Cheat Sheet 10.21 : JavaScript Array Methods

JavaScript Cheat Sheet 10.21 : JavaScript Array Methods

Mastering JavaScript Array Methods


Welcome to the fascinating world of programming! If you’re a beginner eager to delve into the realm of JavaScript, you’re in the right place. In this tutorial, we will explore the basics of programming using JavaScript, with a focus on a crucial aspect: Array Methods. By the end of this guide, you’ll have a solid understanding of essential JavaScript array methods, enabling you to manipulate and handle arrays efficiently.

JavaScript Array Basics

In JavaScript, an array is a versatile data structure that allows you to store multiple values in a single variable. Let’s start with a simple array declaration:

// Sample array
let fruits = ['Apple', 'Banana', 'Orange', 'Mango'];

1. length Method

The length method returns the number of elements in an array. It’s a simple yet handy method to determine the size of your array.


// Get the length of the array
let fruitCount = fruits.length;
console.log(fruitCount); // Output: 4


  • We use the length property to obtain the number of elements in the fruits array.
  • The result is stored in the fruitCount variable.
  • Finally, we log the fruitCount to the console, displaying the array’s length.

2. push Method

The push method adds one or more elements to the end of an array, modifying the original array.


// Add a new fruit to the array
console.log(fruits); // Output: ['Apple', 'Banana', 'Orange', 'Mango', 'Grapes']


  • We use the push method to add the string 'Grapes' to the end of the fruits array.
  • The updated array is then logged to the console.

3. pop Method

Conversely, the pop method removes the last element from an array, altering the original array.


// Remove the last fruit from the array
let removedFruit = fruits.pop();
console.log(removedFruit); // Output: 'Grapes'
console.log(fruits); // Output: ['Apple', 'Banana', 'Orange', 'Mango']


  • The pop method is used to remove the last element from the fruits array.
  • The removed element is stored in the removedFruit variable.
  • Both the removed element and the updated array are logged to the console.

4. indexOf Method

The indexOf method returns the index of the first occurrence of a specified element in an array. If the element is not present, it returns -1.


// Find the index of 'Banana' in the array
let bananaIndex = fruits.indexOf('Banana');
console.log(bananaIndex); // Output: 1


  • The indexOf method is employed to locate the index of the string 'Banana' in the fruits array.
  • The result is stored in the bananaIndex variable and then logged to the console.

5. JavaScript Array shift()

The shift() method removes the first array element and “shifts” all other elements to a lower index.


const fruits = ["Banana", "Orange", "Apple", "Mango"];

6. JavaScript Array unshift()

The unshift() method adds a new element to an array (at the beginning), and “unshifts” older elements:


const fruits = ["Banana", "Orange", "Apple", "Mango"];


Congratulations! You’ve taken your first steps into the world of JavaScript array methods. These methods are fundamental for working with arrays efficiently, and mastering them is crucial for any JavaScript developer.

In the next tutorial, we’ll explore more advanced array methods, enhancing your skills and expanding your programming toolkit.

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